Jamaican Family Search Genealogy Research Library
Notes received from Ed Crawford:
In the material on manumitted slaves that I posted on a number of websites there are a number of mentions of Scotts. I sent a letter with the details to Commander Scott who is the great great grandson of John Scott (1761-1813) who was a plantation owner in Jamaica, but returned to this country in 1803 to live the end of his days at Garboldisham in Norfolk.
In his response to me Commander Scott included what John Scott wrote in his will (dated 24th May 1811): And I give and bequeath unto Jane Anderson, my late housekeeper in Jamaica, during her life an annuity or yearly sum of forty pounds currency of Jamaica, free from all taxes and deductions, and unto her reputed daughters Favel Scott and Eleanor Scott and her children George, Henry and Jerry Scott all of whom were born on my plantation called the Retreat Estate in the said Island of Jamaica, and unto Margaret Sharpe and Fanny Sharp, the two reputed daughters of Mary Sharp, who were born at Clarendon Park in the said Island of Jamaica, an annuity or yearly sum of thirty pounds Currency each during their respective natural lives, which said several annuities shall be paid and payable half yearly the first payment thereof respectively to commence and be made at the expiration of six calendar months from the day of my decease.
"And I do further order and direct that a Sambo Woman named Nanny, now residing at Clarendon Park aforesaid, and her live female children of whom I am the reputed Father and who were born previous to the year 1803, be, immediately after my decease, manumized and made free, and that fifty pounds Currency be thereupon paid to the said Sambo Woman and twenty five pounds Currency to each of her said children.'
Favell is a family name. John Favell was a member of the Jamaican Council (as was John Scott (1761-1813) whose will is quoted from above, and his father John Scott (1720-1773) who was President of the Council.)." It is thought very likely that "Nanny" was the nurse of John Scotts' children and that they might have had something to do with manumitting her.
Richard White, or Eleanor Gregory, listed as manumitted slaves in CO137/162, are not mentioned by name in the will or elsewhere. John Scott died 21 December 1813.
John's nephew, Matthew, who died 25 May 1836, in Jamaica, was Secretary to the Commission of Compensation under the West Indian Slavery Compensation Bill.
When I was researching the Wallens I found that the mother of Mary Archange Wallen was given £50 a year when her husband, Major Hill, died in the expedition to the Walcheren in 1809 and £40 a year was what the widow of an Army captain got if she was in receipt of a pension so this was considered enough on which a "lady" could live decently.
The registers for Kingston in 1820 only give the changes that have occurred since 1817, births, deaths, purchases, sales and manumissions, runaways and if the slaves had been moved from elsewhere. (What I find rather distressing is the young age at which some children are occasionally sold, 9 or 10. Large numbers of slaves seem to be sold only when an estate is liquidated at a death. However occasionally my eye lights on something which may be of interest to other people and I cannot help taking a note.)
I found the following all in Kingston between 18171820
Elizabeth Alberga a quadroon aged 6, daughter of Judith Drea, aged 40 is manumized by Jacob Alberga in the period 18171830, in T71/81 (1820) AB.
Rachel Bernard black, 32, sold to herself to be manumized T71/82 p.254 by her owner Jean Louis Bouilly de Niray.
(An interesting use of words but neither is in the list of manumissions I and others have copied from the PRO!!)
Marie Pauline, aged 17 has gone to Europe with her mistress May Emily de la Dehavane but is expected to return; T71/82.
I have been going through all the slave registers in the PRO for 1820. After 1817 and the first census the volumes simply include those died born, sold transferred, inherited, manumitted etc etc. Occasionally something catches my eye and I write a note about a manumitted slave. I even found in St Anne [T71/44] 4 slaves, not listed as Creole or African but American!
In the Parish of Clarendon [T71/58] I found Elizabeth Price quadroon, aged 18, manumised daughter of Sally King. John Scott & Charles Scott seem to be the proprietors, one of whom, Charles I think, is deceased.
This must be Elizabeth Price freed 10 Feb 1820 for 10/ by George Allan on page 107 of C0137/162. George Allan is the lawyer who signs the registers acting for the Scotts who are obviously absentees.
T/71/146 (1820) St Thomas in the East:
It appears that the following have been or are in the process of being sold:
Robert Newton (7) quadroon is listed as the son of Jane Welsh
Alexander Levi (3) quadroon is listed as the son of Jane Welsh
Betsy Welsh, mulatto, aged 30, daughter of Ann Welsh,
Jane Welsh, mulatto, aged 28, daughter of Ann Welsh
Betsy Henriques, quadroon, aged 5, daughter of Betsy Welsh
Ann Welsh, mulatto, aged 18
[Ann Walsh stated to be a mulatto of 25 was purchased from EP Wallen in 1817 by Robert Smith of Kingston and is found at T71/86]
It looks as if these were just copied down with the same ages as in 1817.
From the Slave Registers T71/75 p.217 Kingston 1817 CE
Solomon Mendes De Silva owns one mulatto slave, Catherine Reid and her five quadroon children, Henry, Joseph, Benjamin, PhiIip and Elizabeth Phillips. No other slaves owned in Kingston.
Slave Registers T71/77, Kingston
Samuel Laing owns Eliza Parker, mulatto aged 22 and she has one quadroon child John Gray 3 1/2. Again, no other slaves owned in Kingston.
T71/93 the Register for Kingston, owners with names from M-O
Page 77: Eliza Williams, mulatto, aged 14 returns form England and is promptly sold by the Executor of John Mais to Joseph Henriques. [Clearly she is a favoured household slave to have gone to England in the first place, not a field hand.]
Page 356: [the page numbering is awkward and needs to be checked in the register]. David, a mulatto, ships as a sailor on the schooner Duke Wellington out of Bermuda, arrives 9.12.1822. And it clearly states he is sailing back, eventually. Both times as a slave.
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