Jamaican Family Search Genealogy Research Library
Generation No. 1
1. ?1 Trought He married Ann (Trought).
More About Ann (Trought):
Residence (2): 1776, Patented land in St. James
Residence (3): 1793, Liverpool, Lancashire, England
Children of ? Trought and Ann (Trought) are:
+ 2 i. Nicholas2 Trought, died Abt. 1800 in Liverpool, Lancashire, England.
+ 3 ii. Elizabeth Trought.
4 iii. Stephen Trought, died Bef. Mar 1824.
Generation No. 2
2. Nicholas2 Trought (?1) died Abt. 1800 in Liverpool, Lancashire, England. He met (1) a mulatto woman Bef. 1776. He married (2) Anna Maria Dunn Nov 29, 1789 in Saint Nicholas, Durham, Durham, England (B632 St. Nicholas' Church, Durham, Durham, England, marriages 1540-1812).
Notes for Nicholas Trought:
WILL OF NICHOLAS TROUGHT
PREROGATIVE COURT OF CANTERBURY
Adderley, Quire 608, Volume 1348.
In the Name of God, Amen. I, Nicholas Trought of the parish of St. James and County of Cornwall in Jamaica, land surveyor, being mindful of my mortality and being of sound and disposing mind . . . declare this my last will and testament.
First, I commend my soul into the hands of Almighty God my Creator hoping for a remission of all my sins by the merits and mediation of my Saviour Jesus Christ and my body I commit to the earth to be decently interred in either of my coffee plantations.
As to all my worldly estate both real and personal I give devise and bequeath as follows:
First I give and bequeath unto my dear brother Stephen Trought of the parish of Hanover carpenter also to my dear sister Elizabeth Anderson now resident in the parish of Hanover also to her son my nephew John Anderson now resident at Montego Bay and also to my reputed quadroon daughter named Grace Trought to each of them £20 current money of Jamaica for a ring and mourning.
I give devise and bequeath unto my said brother Stephen Trought and my said sister Elizabeth Anderson all that piece or parcel of land situate in the parish of St. James patented by Jacob Graham for 300 acres on the 5th September 1770 or thereabouts and recorded in the Office of Enrollment the 5th March 1772 or thereabouts to have and to hold as joint tenants.
I also give and bequeath to my said sister Elizabeth Anderson £20 current money of Jamaica to be paid to her yearly every year during her natural life then to go into the residue of my estate.
I give to my said quadroon daughter Grace Trought all that my freehold messuage and enrollment with the appurtenances situate in the town of Montego Bay now in the occupation of John Morgridge as tenant thereof to have and to hold the said freehold to her and her offspring for and during the term of her natural life without impeachment of waste. I also give to my said quadroon daughter Grace Trought and to her heirs and assigns for ever 100 acres of land part of 300 acres patented by Ann Trought surveyed for her the 20th November 1776 or thereabouts situate in the said parish of St. James, the north side of that piece of land so patented by Ann Trought and divided from the rest by a line running east and west. On the south side of that parcel of land is situated Catadupa. I also give to the said Grace Trought the sum of £12 current money of Jamaica to be paid to her yearly for nineteen years, and then to become part of the residue of my estate. I also give to my said reputed daughter Grace Trought my horse? which I have had bought and a mahogany bedstead bedding and 3 changes of sheets with a small mahogany table and a pair of chest of drawers all of which ought to be delivered to her immediately.
I give to my dear and honored mother Ann Trought resident at Liverpool in the kingdom of Great Britain one annuity a yearly sum of £40 sterling to be transmitted and paid to my said much honored mother each year during her natural life, and after her decease I give to my dear affectionate wife Anna Maria Trought the yearly sum of £40 sterling during the rest of her natural life. I also give to my wife one other annuity of £50 lawful money of Great Britain yearly, on condition that she not sell the annuity . I also give to my wife all my household furniture goods books plate dinner china and utensils in and belonging to the dwelling house or houses excepting what is already given away and what may be proper for the use of my plantation. I also give to my wife whatever else of my personal estate remains undisposed of such as clothes watch buckles and buttons but nothing that is used in the manufacture of coffee or for carrying the same to market or considered as part of the plantation.
I also give and bequeath unto my esteemed friends John Hilton Esquire and Mr. David Bernard mason both of the parish of Saint James in Jamaica, John Graham Clark of Newcastle upon Tyne Esquire and Mr. John Dodshon of the town of Darlington in the bishopric of Durham and to each of them £20 lawful money of Great Britain to be paid out of the annual net profits arising from my coffee plantation.
I give and bequeath all my two coffee plantations known by the names of Catadupa and Mocho situate lying and being in the parish of Saint James with all the slaves and stock thereon together with all and singular the rest residue and remainder of my estate and effects whatsoever and wheresoever unto the above mentioned John Hilton, David Bernard, John Graham Clark and John Dodshon my Executors hereinafter named and my wife Anna Maria Trought my Executrix and to two of the survivors of them their heirs Executors and Administrators of the two survivors of them upon trust and for the uses interests and purposes hereinafter stated, applying thereto the profits of the two plantations, for the first part £50 lawful money of Great Britain yearly for the maintenance and education of all and every child or children as I may happen to have at my death equally share and share alike during the first 10 years, and for the next nine years an additional £20 money of Great Britain yearly. I direct that my said male children shall be apprenticed to some creditable trade or profession so as to learn to provide for their own support in case of necessity, but if they should be unsuited then their education should continue to their 15th year of age at least before being apprenticed. During their apprenticeship they shall be allowed for clothing and other necessaries a sum not exceeding £30 lawful money of Great Britain and this sum to be continued to each of them yearly until the youngest male children shall be out of or completely finished his apprenticeship. Upon reaching their majority the two plantations shall be conveyed to them with all the rest and residue of my estate. [This section is a summary of long detailed instructions to the executors].
If my children should all be deceased I hereby give and bequeath unto my dear brother Stephen Trought my dear sister Elizabeth Anderson and her son (my nephew) John Anderson and my reputed daughter Grace Trought a quadroon and their issue share and share alike to be equally divided among them that is one part to my brother and his heirs, another to my sister and her heirs, and a third part to my nephew and his heirs and the fourth and last equal part to my reputed daughter and her children offspring or issue to be equally divided among her and her children if she should have any.
I give and devise to my Negro woman slave named Nolly the sum of £5 lawful money of Great Britain during her natural life which sum is to be laid out in Great Britain for necessaries for her and sent to her every year in this country free and clear of expense.
And I hereby commit the guardianship care and education of my said children during his or her minority to my wife Anna Maria Trought and the said John Graham Clark and John Dodshon and the survivors or survivor of them and the Executors and Administrators of such survivor, But it is my will and desire that the guardianship of my said wife shall cease on her marriage and ceasing to remain my widow.
And I do hereby subject and make liable my estate for the payment of legacies herein stated. I nominate and constitute and appoint my said wife Anna Maria Trought, John Hilton, David Bernard, John Graham Clark and John Dodshon Executrix and Executors of this my last Will and Testament. They may at all times reimburse and indemnify themselves for any loss charges or damages incurred in the executorship.
I hereby set my hand and affix my seal this 31st day of May 1793.
Witnesses: William R. Taylor, J. Clarke, John Milburn.
Liverpool in the County of Lancaster
I Nicholas Trought late of the parish of Saint James in the island of Jamaica but now resident in the town of Liverpool in the county of Lancaster or Lancashire in the kingdom of Great Britain, land surveyor, declare this present writing to be a Codicil to my said will. In addition to other things given I have given to my reputed daughter Grace Trought one hundred acres of land a mahogany bedstead bedding and three changes of sheets a mahogany table and chest of drawers I do hereby revoke this particular part only of my legacy to her my reputed daughter because since writing and publishing my will I have given her 50 acres of land as an equivalent and also I have already delivered to her the mahogany bedstead bedding sheets and table and so forth.
And since my writing and publishing my said will in Jamaica I have purchased a piece of land from Ann Trought now resident in this town of Liverpool which piece of land and all things thereon I desire may be considered held and taken as part or parcel of one of my coffee plantations.
And as in my said will I have left £50 sterling yearly for the first 10 years intended for the clothing maintenance and education, to remove and doubt that may arise touching my meaning, the said sums are to be confined to my children which I have by my wife and as I have only our daughter by her which is named Anne [Ann] and there being no likelihood of my wife bearing me any more I very naturally and prudently confine the said sum to the clothing maintenance and education of my said daughter Anne.
I direct that all my surveying instruments my small pocket compass and all my surveying papers to be forthwith sent to my Executors in Jamaica and there to be disposed of to the best advantage in order that the money arising therefrom be added to my estate.
I give and devise unto my wife as Executrix for my daughter Anne all my books plate watch and appendages thereto my buckles shoe buttons and silver pocket compass
which has so frequently accompanied me into the deep forests of Jamaica and has frequently discharged the duty of a faithful guide to be delivered to her my said daughter when she attains the age of fourteen years.
As I have not explained my meaning sufficiently in respect to what is said of my departing this life with one daughter only surviving me I do hereby declare that my Executors and Executrix shall not convey transfer or confirm or otherwise settle the trust and estate on my daughter on her marriage if before the age of 21 years all my Executors and Executrix do not agree and approve of her marriage before that time and that no consent will be given unless both parties are called in the Church on three different Sundays according to the form of the established Church of England in that case made and provided and should my said daughter Ann act contrary to my real intent and meaning the Executors shall act as if the natural death of my said daughter had happened but this is not to pertain after she has attained the age of 21 years, for then I mean her to give herself away although I hope she will not throw herself away upon a superficial empty coxcomb nor yet a prodigal nor upon a soldier nor for the peace of her mind so I wish her to attract a man whose only recommendation is his vain pretext to noble blood. Prudence will point out an honest man and a circumspect inspection will discover him....
Dated this 8th July 1794.
Witnesses: Thomas Dakin, William Shearer, John Dakin.
Liverpool county of Lancaster
I Nicholas Trought now resident in the town of Liverpool. . .having written a Will and Codicil... there would have been no necessity for another Codicil had I duly considered the immutability of temporal things especially that of human nature for the most of my friends which I have appointed Executors to my last Will and Testament already named hoping some of them may live to see my infant daughter properly and happily fixed in life should she live so long.
Whereas I have some relations living in this town of Liverpool which I was unacquainted with when I wrote my aforesaid will and as it would be unpardonable to pass them over in silence and thereby do injury to feelings which I have in their behalf it is my will and desire and do hereby give and bequeath unto my cousin Hugh Dean of the island of New Providence my loving cousin his wife their son Hugh and their daughters Jane Ann and Ester and to each of them a mourning ring not under 3 guineas each, and to my cousin Jane Ford now living with my mother another mourning ring of the same worth and value with those before mentioned and beg my said relations will accept the same as a small token of the esteem I have for them.
I also give and bequeath unto my said cousin Jane Ford ten guineas to be paid to her as soon as my Executors hereinafter named can conveniently do it and I do hereby recommend to my said cousin Jane Ford to continue to live with my mother as her friend and servant faithfully to serve her pleasure humour and comfort using all her tenderness and I direct my Executors to give to Jane Ford yearly the sum of £10 as long as she continues to live with my mother so that my mother may be happy and comfortable during the evening of her days.
I give and bequeath to each of my executors hereinafter named the sum of 10 guineas each for a mourning ring humbly requesting that they will be pleased to accept of the same in token of the esteem I have had for them until the day of their death.
I do hereby appoint my good friend Richard Watt the elder of the town of Liverpool Esquire and his nephew Richard Watt the younger resident in the County of Yorkshire Esquire and the survivor of them Executors in addition to those already appointed.. . .
Dated the 8th day of July 1794.
Witnesses: Thomas Dakin, William Shearer, John Dakin
THIS WILL was proved at London with two Codicils the 10th day of September 1800 before the Right Honourable Sir William Wynne, Knight, Doctor of Laws, Master Keeper or commissary of the Prerogative Court of Canterbury by the oath of John Graham Clarke otherwise Clark one of the Executors named in the said will to whom Administration was granted, making the like grant to Anna Maria Trought widow the relict of the said testator, John Hilton, David Bernard, and John Dodshon and Richard Watt and Richard Watt the younger the Executors named when they shall apply for the same.
[The original Will is 15 pages long and has been condensed. JFS]
There were 2 illegitimate mulatto children baptized, who might have been offspring of Nicholas and the slave Nolly. They were Ann, born January 3, 1776, and Jacob, born in 1780-1781.
From 1810 to 1820 Catadupa belonged to William Fairclough & James Hedley. (This information comes from the St. James Parish Register, the Almanacs from 1811 to 1821, and the will of James Hedley probated in 1821). A map dated 1804 shows Hedley and Fairlough as owners of Catadupa and Mocho. The name William Fairclough is from Lancashire, England (including Liverpool, where Nicholas Trought died). The name Hedley is from Northumberland and Durham (where Nicholas was married.)
In August 1817, when the law established Slave Registers and many slaves were baptized, there were mass baptisms at the Catadupa plantation, including 14 slaves and one free person baptized with the surname Trought. In the years between 1799 and 1806 there were two Negroes and 2 mulattos baptized with the name Trought.
More About Nicholas Trought:
Will: Bet. May 31, 1793 - Jul 08, 1794
Will Probated: Sep 10, 18001
More About Nicholas Trought and a mulatto woman:
Single: Bef. 1776
More About Nicholas Trought and Anna (Trought):
Marriage: Bef. 1793
Child of Nicholas Trought and a mulatto woman is:
5 i. Grace3 Trought, born Apr 19, 1776.
Notes for Grace Trought:
The Jamaica Almanacs list her as a property owner in St. James. In 1818 and 1828 the property is identified as Providence. The number of slaves and stock she held were as follows:
1818, 1820, 1822, and 1824: 4 slaves 2 stock
1826 and 1828: 4 slaves
1833: 6 slaves
More About Grace Trought:
Baptism: Oct 19, 1776, St. James2
Child of Nicholas Trought and Anna (Trought) is:
6 i. Ann3 Trought, born Bef. May 1793.
Notes for Ann Trought:
The Jamaica Almanacs list Ann Trought as a property owner with slaves as follows:
1818: 9 slaves
1820: 8 slaves
1822: 9 slaves
1826: 9 slaves
1828: 12 slaves
1845 holder of 13 acres; the property was called Banff.
3. Elizabeth2 Trought (?1) She married ? Anderson.
Notes for Elizabeth Trought:
The 1819 Almanac lists Elizabeth Anderson as the owner of a property which was assessed for 10 slaves.
Child of Elizabeth Trought and ? Anderson is:
7 i. John3 Anderson.
Notes for John Anderson:
The Jamaica Almanacs list John Anderson as the owner of a property in St. James called Flower Hill as follows:
1811 Almanac 236 slaves 96 stock
1815 Almanac 244 slaves 177 stock
1818 Almanac 243 slaves 177 stock
1819 Almanac 256 slaves 166 stock
1824 Almanac 267 slaves 162 stock
1826 Almanac 259 slaves 157 stock
1840 Almanac 1,030 acres
Flower Hill is a property in the hills above Ironshore and Montego Bay.
More About John Anderson:
Residence: 1793, Montego Bay, St. James
4. Stephen2 Trought (?1) died Bef. Mar 1824.
Notes for Stephen Trought:
In the Jamaica Almanacs there are entries for Stephen Trought, owner of property in St. James as follows:
1818 7 slaves
1820 7 slaves
1822 7 slaves
1824 no entry
1825 estate of Stephen Trought
1826 heirs of Stephen Trought 6 slaves
More About Stephen Trought:
Occupation: 1793, Shoemaker
Residence (2): 1793, Hanover
1. B616 Prerogative Court of Canterbury Wills, Adderley, Quire 608, Volume 1348.
2. B0055 St. James Parish Register I & II, 1770-1825, 1837, I, p. 19.
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