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Will of Duncan Campbell of the Adelphi, London (& Saltspring, Hanover, Jamaica)

[PRO, London: PROB 11/1388]

I Duncan Campbell do make my last will and testament in manner following and I charge and make liable all my estates to the payment thereof
I give to my beloved wife Mary Campbell1 an annuity of £300 which I trust she will accept as a mark of my affection considering the very ample provision made for her by her father's settling the whole of his fortune upon her and her children, said annuity shall be chargeable upon my estate called Saltspring in the parish of Hanover, Cornwall Jamaica
I bequeath my Estate of Saltspring unto the use of my son Dugald Campbell2 and heirs..
In case Dugald Campbell should die without issue I bequeath the whole into two equal parts to be divided unto my son John Campbell and his heirs..
For default of such issue the same unto my son Duncan Campbell and heirs...
For default of such issue the same unto my son Mumford Campbell and heirs...
For default of such issue the same unto my son William Newell Campbell and heirs...
For default of such issue the same unto my own right heirs for ever
The other undivided half part of the said Estate I bequeath unto my son Duncan Campbell and heirs...
For default the same undivided moiety unto John Campbell and heirs..
For default the same unto Mumford Campbell and heirs...
For default the same unto William Newell Campbell and heirs..
For default the same unto my own right heirs for ever
I bequeath unto my son John Campbell all my freehold farm lands called Brandshatch in the parish of Kingsdowne in the county of Kent and also all that farm called Brands Tenement adjoining Brandshatch
I give unto Duncan Campbell my farm called Maplescombe in the parish of Kingsdowne
I give Mumford Campbell my Manor or lordship of Kingsdowne with the quit rents and Manorial rights thereto and all my farm called Heaver Farm and also my farm called Easthill Farm and my farm called Little Maplescombe but subject to the conditions hereinafter contained.
I give to William Newell Campbell3 my farm called Knotts Farm subject to conditions...that is to say that in case any of my sons John, Duncan, Mumford and William Newell happen to die before the age of 21 without issue my eldest son Dugald or other of my sons may become the heir I will and devise that such surviving son or sons shall pay to the other survivor or survivors of my younger sons for inheritance of Brandshatch and Brands Tenement £5,000, for inheritance of Maplescombe £4,000, for inheritance of my Manor of Kingsdowne, Heaver, Easthill and Little Maplescombe £4,500 for inheritance of Knotts £3,000
I give unto Dugald and John all my books and clothes and to Duncan my five chairs...
To John £7,300, three percent consolidated Bank Annuities,
Unto Duncan £7,300 of like annuities,
Unto Mumford £6,000, considered ample by the addition of the farms
To William Newell £7,300
I bequeath the sum of £2,500 at three percent interest to Dugald and John Campbell upon Trust to pay the dividends to my daughter Henrietta4 late the wife of Colin Campbell during her life and after her decease to the children of Henrietta by Colin in equal shares
I bequeath £5,000 to Dugald and John upon Trust to pay the dividends unto my daughter Mary now the wife of William Wilcox...at her decease to transfer the annuities among [her] children...in case Mary should happen to die without having any children living £1,200 three percent interest shall be transferred to William Wilcox...the remaining £3,800 shall sink into the residue of my personal estate
Unto my daughter Ann Campbell £8,000 three percent annuities
Unto my daughter Launce Campbell the like sum of £8,000 like annuities
Unto my daughter Elizabeth Campbell £7,500 like annuities
Unto my daughter Mary Ann £7,500 like annuities
Unto my daughter Louisa £7,500 like annuities, my daughters Elizabeth, Mary Ann and Louisa being further provided under their grandfather's will
I bequeath unto Dugald all my freehold and leasehold warehouses in Haydon Square near The Minories
I give to [left blank] Campbell the widow of my brother Neil Campbell £15 a year
Unto my wife £7,000 to purchase furniture and plate or she may, if she prefers it in lieu, chuse to that amount from any I may possess and I further give to my wife my house at Wilmington for the remainder of the term of years therein and I direct my executors to pay the rent out of my personal estate
I direct that the lease on my house in Town together with the furniture be sold to save the expence of keeping the same
I give unto my worthy friends Dr. David Pitcairn and George Farquhar Kinloss and my brother in law William Mumford the sum of £50 to each of them for a ring and mourning
Unto my clerk Mr. James Boyick5 £1,200 as a token of my satisfaction for his faithful and past services and as he has been for many years conversant in my affairs I wish to recommend to my executors his being employed in the adjustment and settlement thereof particularly those in America
To my other clerk Mr. Thompson £30 for mourning
I bequeath £5 to each of my servants in my service for twelve months
The remainder of my estate whatsoever I bequeath amongst my sons Dugald, John, Duncan, Mumford and William Newell share and share alike
I appoint my sons Dugald Campbell, John Campbell and the said William Mumford, David Pitcairn and George Farquhar Kinloss executors of this my will...and appoint my wife and them guardians of my children under age at the time of my decease
I also give my dear wife my coach and post chariot, a pair of coach horses and one riding horse

Signed Duncan Campbell, 21st February 1794
Witnesses - John Aldridge, Red Lion Square; George Jocelyn Robertson, clerk to Mr. Aldridge; John Grene Dagge, clerk to Mr. Aldridge.

Proved in London 9th March 1803
These legacies are extracted from a will that runs to 15 pages. Much of the remainder details instructions and conditions in the event of the death of one of the principal legatees.


1Campbell's second wife, Mary Mumford. His first wife, Rebecca Campbell, whom he had married in Hanover, had died in 1774. She was the daughter of Dugald Campbell of Saltspring and brother to John Campbell there who inherited the estate from his father. Duncan Campbell acquired Saltspring in 1797; his brother-in-law and cousin John [d.1782] owed him over £11,000 by way of mortgage and after his death the matter was eventually decided in Chancery by the Jamaica Supreme Court.
2By 1790, Dugald was at Saltspring which he managed on a lease form his father.
3For names Newell and Launce, see also will of James Launce
4Henrietta pre-deceased  her father and a codicil [1796]was attached to this will to re-distribute her intended share. In a codicil of 1797 Campbell left an annuity of £15 to one of his servants, Ann Mills, a widow.
5See will of Dugald Campbell (proved 1818). Part of Saltspring was mortgaged to James Boyick who became one of Dugald's executors and trustees.

Will of James Campbell formerly of Jamaica, late of Rothsey

[PRO London, PROB 11/025]

I James Campbell late of Jamaica make this my last will and testament
I give unto my brother Duncan Campbell of Kildusklan the interest of £500 Sterling during his life and £20 Sterling to buy mourning and a ring
I give to each of my four sisters £40 Sterling
I give to my nieces hereinafter mentioned viz. Florence McLachlan, Elizabeth and Catherine McNeil daughters of my sister Florence Campbell and to Florence and Jane Campbell daughters to Duncan Campbell of Knap and Isabel and Jane Campbell daughters of Daniel Campbell of [A_nsay_] or [Tansay_] or [O_nsay_]*  to each of them £100 Sterling
I bequeath to my niece Ann Campbell spouse to John Somervil in the Custom House at Greenock and to each of his three daughters Ann, Henrietta and Agnes Somervills £50 Sterling each
I bequeath to my niece Mary Campbell spouse to Richard Betham [written Belham]£100 Sterling and to his daughter[s]? Mary Betham £100 Sterling
I bequeath the above £500 after my brother's death and all the goods, bonds bills or gear of whatever kind to my natural son Ronald Campbell born of the body of Margaret McFarlane and in case of his death before twenty one years of age I devise the whole of my estate, after the above legacies are paid to be divided equally amongst my nieces
It is my will that my brother Duncan Campbell of Kildusklan shall have all my wearing apparel, horses, pistols, saddles and furniture together with my watch and nominate my said brother John Campbell of Danna to be guardian to my son Donald Campbell

Signed James Campbell, 25th August 1755 [died 1758]
At Inverary 5th February 1765 produced by John McNeill writer at Inverary in the Sheriff Court Books of Argyll.

London,21st September 1776
Appeared personally John Campbell of the parish of Hanover and James Kerr of the parish of St. Mary...John Campbell has received information particularly from Lachlan McTavish of Dunardry that Ronald Campbell, the residuary legatee is now on a voyage to North America.

London, 29th November 1776 administration granted to Duncan Campbell the lawful attorney of Ann Somerville formerly Campbell widow the niece of [James Campbell] now residing in Glasgow.


*this line is difficult to make out as the previous sentence was inserted above, in between two lines; tops, tails and smudges coincide I'm afraid.

Will of Edward Chambers of Hanover

[PRO London, PROB 11/1085]

I Edward Chambers of the parish of Hanover and Island of Jamaica bequeath to my friends John Tharp Senior of the Good Hope in the parish of Trelawny and George Brissett of Cocoon in the parish of Hanover and William Miles of the city of Bristol, merchant, the sum of £50 Sterling apiece
All the rest of my Estate real and personal I bequeath to my sons Edward and John Tharp Chambers to be equally divided between them and, if more than two sons, equally amongst all of my sons at the time of my decease or born afterwards...
Subject to the payment of an annuity of £1,000 Sterling to my beloved wife Elizabeth Chambers during her life provided she shall accept the same in lieu of dower upon all my real estates in which case I bequeath unto my said beloved wife the sum of £500 Sterling
If she shall refuse to accept the annuity in lieu of her said dower then I revoke the said annuity and the said legacy of £500
Likewise the payment of £100 Sterling to each of my seven daughters Ann, Elizabeth, Rebecca, Sarah, Mary Ann, Catherine and Henrietta Chambers for their support and education until their respective day of marriage or the age of twenty one
Subject to the payment of £3,000 Sterling to each of my daughters and also subject to the payment of an annuity of £200 to my sons Edward and John Tharp Chambers for their support and education until they attain the age of eighteen and from then a like annuity of £300 until they attain the age of twenty one years
It is my particular request that my executors be careful to see that my childrens educations be regularly paid for and that they be supplied with every convenience and all necessaries for the improvement of their minds
I appoint John Tharp Senior, George Brissett, John Jackson of Mount Pleasant and William Miles executors of this my last will.

Signed Edward Chambers, 27th April 1778
Witnesses: John Tharp, John Harding, Henry Randall

Proved in London 9th September 1781 on the appearance of John Tharp Junior and John Harding both of Jamaica

Supplementary Information provided by Pieter Dickson:

Before his death in July 1780, it was claimed, by John Tharp, that Edward Chambers struck through John Jackson's name from the duplicate copy will he kept at home. The original, however, was not altered and as Chambers' copy, "opened the day after his death was with sundry other papers was lost in the hurricane of 3rd October 1780", a lengthy and detailed deposition was required of John Tharp Junior and John Harding before the will was proved in London. William Miles of Bristol, to whom the properties were mortgaged, had likewise struck out the name of John Jackson on his copy of the will when he heard from Tharp of the circumstances of the will after Edward Chambers' death.

At the time of his death Edward Chambers owned:
Bachelor's Hall plantation, Prosper plantation, Richmond plantation and Dolphin Head Penn. All were part subject to a total mortgage of £28,000 granted by William Miles of Bristol.
Chambers also owned a piece called Chambers' New Penn, not subject to any mortgage.
Chambers had a trading account with William Miles to whom he consigned his produce.

John Tharp senior (Trelawny) was agent and attorney for William Miles, Simon Taylor was also an agent and attorney for William Miles.

In May 1786 John Tharp wrote to Elizabeth Chambers (widow) that William Miles was to foreclose on the mortgage, but with the guarantee that the bequests of Edward Chambers' will would be honoured in full, and urged her to accept the offer.

In June 1786 Simon Taylor and John Tharp assessed the state of Edward Chambers' properties. Simon Taylor wrote to William Miles, calculating that the true debt of the estates to William Miles was £60,000 claiming they were run down, mismanaged and could not service the debt (Mrs. Chambers had been persuaded to take her family to England so was not present in Jamaica)

On returning to England John Tharp met Elizabeth Chambers in Bath and travelled with her to Bristol to meet William Miles; Tharp confirmed that papers would be drawn up accordingly but subsequently left for Jamaica without doing so.

In 1788, the debt to William Miles was adjudged, in Jamaica, to be £88,643; in December, all the properties, including Chambers' New Penn, which was not subject to any mortgage, were put up for public auction at Haydon's Tavern. The sale to Patrick Ballantine, realised £77,200 of which £1,165 was claimed by George Brisset.

In May 1789 Patrick Ballantine signed over all the properties to William Miles. The original bequests were then much reduced by the executors, except that to Mrs. Elizabeth Chambers.

A draft Bill in Chancery was prepared by Edward Chambers' surviving daughters Elizabeth, Rebecca, Sarah, Mary Ann, Catherine and Henrietta Chambers, spinsters of Bath, and Ann Weeks their married sister, after the deaths of their brothers Edward and John Tharp Chambers (at coming of age neither son had agreed to ratify the sale of the estates).

Their petition claimed that the executors, John Tharp, George Brissett and William Miles:
   had grossly overstated the debts of the estate
   had never presented any proper accounts in court
   had persuaded Edward Chambers' widow to agree to the sale by threat of refusing legacies
   had colluded to remove John Jackson's name as an executor
   had colluded to falsify and destroy evidence
   had used Patrick Ballantine to buy the properties on behalf of William Miles for less than the debt claimed
   all in order to obtain the estates for less than their real value and to avoid full payment of the legacies.
[Source: Cambridge Record Office, England, Tharp Papers ref. R55/7/122/Q/16]

The case was not pursued in England. In 1810 Philip John Miles was the owner of Richmond.

Note on William Miles:
William Miles also held mortgages over the following plantations in Jamaica:
William Rhodes James     Rhodes Hall & Abingdon 1771
William Samuels             Cousins Cove & Williamsfield 1784
                                    Golden Valley, St. Thomas in the East 1776
George R. Hamilton        Success and Long Bay Penn 1785
Joseph Brissett               Cacoon [part mortgaged to John Tharp] 1786

[Source: Bristol Record Office, England, Miles family papers]

Will of James Launce late of the parish of Portland, Jamaica

[PRO London, PROB 11/1013]

I bequeath to my daughter Ann Newell all my Estate or Estates real and personal in the island of Jamaica or England subject to the payment of the undermentioned legacies
£30 Sterling annually to my sister Rebecca Campbell during her life
£20 to the repairs of my tomb stone and vault in the Churchyard of Hackn[e]y and to the maintenance of four poor familys in said parish
In case of the death of my daughter Ann Newell without lawful issue I bequeath unto Mr. Joshua Newell all my estate aforesaid

Signed James Launce, 7th July 1767
Witnesses: James McClymont & Jonathan Hassel_

Administration granted to Ann Newell (wife of Joshua Newell) on 29th November 1775.

Will of John Malcolm of Argyll

[PRO London, PROB 11/1834]

I John Malcolm of Argyll in the parish of Hanover County of Cornwall and Island of Jamaica do make this my last will and testament...and to the intents and purposes following make liable all my estate.
Whereas I own many of the Negroes and other slaves on Argyll estate and pen and a number of mules and horses stock not under any mortgage and I also own as heir at law to my mother some slaves of which my late dear father was the tenant by the curtesy during his life and were mortgaged to my dear cousin Neil Malcolm Esquire which appear in the list annexed with an X after their names and I shall not wish that any of the above mentioned slaves or stock should be removed from the properties
I bequeath all the above mentioned slaves and stock to Neil Malcolm his heirs and assigns on the express condition that he shall pay to my housekeeper Mary Johnson an annuity of £2,000 Sterling during the term of her natural life
And to each of my reputed children George Malcolm, Sarah Johnson Malcolm, Mary Ann Malcolm, Edgar Corrie Malcolm and Neil Malcolm the sum of £2,000 money of Great Britain when they attain the age of twenty one years or the day of their marriage if sooner
In the meantime the interest of such sums is to be paid to their mother Mary Johnson for their education and support
Should my dear cousin not accept to these conditions then I bequeath all the above mentioned slaves and stock to my reputed children their heirs and assigns for ever on the condition that they allow Mary Johnson an annuity of £250 during her natural life taking as tenants in common and not as joint tenants
I bequeath to Mary Johnson all my draft and riding horses and mules and carriages and all the silver and other plate, jewels, trinkets, monies, Island ---- linen, cutlery and glassware, liquors and furniture and every description of chattels in my house
I bequeath to my dear Godchildren David Corrie, Cuthbert Malcolm, John Malcolm Corrie and Mary Bell Ruthven £50 sterling each to buy a ring in remembrance of me
All the remainder of my estate I bequeath to my dear cousin Neil Malcolm Esquire his heirs and executors
I nominate the said Neil Malcolm and Neil Malcolm the younger, Samuel Hibbert, Richard Chambers, Henry Chambers and Edgar Corrie Esquires to be executors of this my last will

Signed by John Malcolm 2nd November 1829
Witnesses, H. Chambers, F.J. Welch, Percival Burton

[there follows the list of slaves mentioned above]
William Brooks
Mary Brooks
George Samuel Clarke
Mary Malcolm X
James Grizzel
Sarah Crooks X
John Bean X
Sarah Brown
Jarvis Gallimore Clarke X
Betsy Darling X
Tyne Campbell X
Lucy Taunton X
Sandy Spence X
Betsey Ring X
Jack Rose
Maria Malcolm X
Montague Brissett
Jenny Bailey X
John Raby Miller
Mary Spence X
Thomas William Barnes
Abbey Darling X
John McFarlane X
Clarissa Scarlett X
John Rennalls
Mary Johnson X
Ann Clarke Johnson
George Rennalls
Fidelia Brown
Samuel Price
Dolly Dickson
Sam Campbell
Susannah Lewis
Sandy Campbell X
Isabella Brown
Couba Jarrett
Catherine Brown
Richard Laird
Rebecca Brown
Edward Chambers
Letitia Brown
John Crooks
Sarah Brown
Eleanor Malcolm
Elizabeth Malcolm
Ann Crooks Malcolm X
Betty Campbell
Eleanor Stewart
Sarah Malcolm X
Mary Ann Miller
Elizabeth Willow
Betty Malcolm Miller
Catharine Isabella Miller
Elsey Malcolm X
Elizabeth laird
Catharine Laird
Ann McFarlane
Maria Isabella McCail
Margery Livingstone McCail
Catharine Rennalls X
Mary Laird
Eliza Wright X

List of my own Negroes
Males Thomas Hines
Richard Hines
John Malcolm
Henry Hammer
William Brown
Frederick Brown
Robert Johnson
Thomas Brown
Robert Dickson
Peta Brown
Charles Distui Brown
Richard Distui Brown
Alick Brown
Daniel Rose
Robert Hussett
James Brown
Richard Thomson
John Spence
John Kentish X
George Watson X
Richard Johnson
Robert Johnson 2
Zacary Malcolm
McKenzie Lawrence
Allick Campbell
Jacob Johnson
Charles Brown
John Brown
Samuel Haughton
Peter Malcolm

Becky White
Rachel Crooks
Julian Bailley
Harriett Brown
Amelia Malcolm
Sukey Brown
Eliza Malcolm
Sara Fleming X
Christiana Malcolm X
Sarah Riley Leslie X
Mary Eliza Salmon
Ann Burt Wright X
Susanna Rennalls McCail

Will of Alexander McCallum of Hanover Jamaica

[PRO London, PROB11/1690]

I bequeath to my wife Margaret McCallum a yearly sum of £500 Sterling during her natural life
In the event of her taking a second husband then the sum to be reduced and continue at £250 Current money of Jamaica
In the event of her surviving such second husband and not having any children by him the original annuity of £500 to recommence...the said annuity is in full satisfaction of dower or thirds to which my wife may be entitled to out of any part of my estate
My wife shall have the full use of my house and land with the usual servants and furniture during her stay in the island if she so long remains a widow.
I bequeath unto my daughter Margaret Isabella McCallum the sum of £10,000 Sterling to be paid to her on attaining the age of 21 years or day of marriage whichever shall first happen
I bequeath unto my daughter Alexandrina McCallum the like sum of £10,000 Sterling and I direct that my executors do allow the sum of £200 Sterling for the maintenance and education of each of my daughters
I hereby empower my executors to dispose of all my real estate and slaves and it is my intention that the money arising from the sale is invested in the government funds of Great Britain...I devise the annual interest to be invested and from the residue and remainder of my estate equally to be divided between my daughters share and share alike
If either of my daughters shall happen to die without having children her share to go to my surviving daughter during her natural life and the principal of the said money to be invested and to go to the children of my said daughters equally divided between them
In the event of both of my daughters dying without children or leaving children under age I bequeath every part unto my brother Neil McCallum of the parish of Westmoreland planter his heirs and assigns for ever
I nominate Neil McCallum executor of this my last will and testament and guardian of the persons and estate of my said daughters

Signed  Alexander McCallum, 10th July 1819
Witnesses: David Finlayson, Alexander Grant, John Grant

Whereas my daughter Alexandrina hath departed this life and whereas my wife is at present pregnant...that child shall be entitled to the legacy of my daughter Alexandrina
Signed Alexander McCallum, 8th July 1820
Witnesses: James Martin, David Finlayson, John McCallum

Proved at London with a codicil 11th September, 1824

Note inserted to the following effect:
On 18th January 1839, following the death of Neil McCallum, the executor of this will, administration was granted to Margaret Isabella Webster (wife of George Webster Esq.) the sole surviving daughter of Alexander McCallum.
See photograph of McCallum monument in the churchyard in Lucea

Will of Neil McCallum of Hanover Jamaica

[PRO London, PROB11/1865]

I bequeath unto Jane Kerr and to her two children Alexander and Ann Teresa McCallum free people of colour of the parish of Hanover my settlement in the said parish known by the name of Hope Hall containing thirty acres of land more or less with the remaining time of apprenticeship of the following Negroes attached to the place as follows John Brissett, P________, Janett, Joan, Fanny and Sabina, equally between them during the life of Jane Kerr. After her death the settlement to revert as the joint property of Alexander McCallum and Ann Teresa McCallum and their heirs lawfully begotten.
In the event of both of them dying and not leaving lawful issue then the land and the remaining apprenticeship to Margaret Isabella McCallum daughter of my late brother Alexander McCallum
I further bequeath to Alexander McCallum and Ann Teresa McCallum the sum of £1,000 each and also to Alexander my silver watch and wearing apparel and to Alexander and Ann Teresa what proportion of my silver things that are marked with the initials N McC
I bequeath unto my sister Isabella McCallum the widow of Donald Campbell the sum of £20 Sterling annually during her life
I bequeath to Mrs. Margaret McCallum widow of my late brother Alexander the sum of £100 Sterling to purchase a piece of plate
I give unto my niece Margaret Isabella McCallum my gold chronometer chain and seals also all my silver things which are not marked with my initials. The residue of all my property I bequeath to my niece Margaret Isabella on condition that the same shall be invested in her own right.
I nominate the following gentlemen to be my executors James Lawson later of the parish of Westmoreland but now of Great Britain, William Gordon of Hanover and Alexander McCallum late clerk in the employ of Messrs. Lee & Grant of Hanover
It is my particular request that my executors will comply to the will of my late brother Alexander McCallum in all its parts.

Signed Neill McCallum 24th July 1835
Witnesses: Alexander Malcolm, James D. Samuells, Julines Herring
Memorandum 24th July 1835
I give and bequeath unto Mr. John Denham the sum of £100 currency for his long services.

8th August 1836
Administration granted to Margaret McCallum, widow, the lawful attorney of William Gordon Esq. one of the surviving executors.

19th January 1839
Administration was granted to Margaret Isabella Webster (the wife of George Webster) James Lawson the other surviving executor having renounced his executorship.

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