Jamaican Family Search Genealogy Research Library





This information is taken from the book Jamaica, as it was, as it is, and as it may be written in 1835 by "A retired Military Officer", who may be identified as Bernard Martin Senior.

[Additions and corrections by jamaicanfamilysearch.com are in [] square brackets]

As soon as things could be brought round to any kind of order, returns were published specifying the properties that no longer existed, as far as related to residences, and out-offices, overseers' houses and out-buildings, sets of works, trash houses, negro houses, cane and grass pieces, &c. In many instances they were egregiously erroneous, probably from misinformation; for it was quite impracticable for any individual to have personally viewed the whole extent of devastation.

Among various authenticated accounts published, the following has been selected, as coming nearer to the actual facts than any other; but in this there may be some omissions, and a few trifling inaccuracies, yet the greatest care has been taken to procure a correct statement from each of the suffering parishes.


Abbreviation for buildings: Res = Residence




Anderson, Robert Lethe Estate Residence, Works, Negro Houses 295
Archer, Christian Cottage Penn Res 30
Anderson, Samuel Hillowton Penn Res 25
Baillie, John Roehampton Estate Res, Works, Negro Houses 339
Balfour, S. W. [Sarah W.] Col. [Cold] Spring Plantation Res 17
Barry, A. Home-Castle Penn Res 23
Bernard, D. H. Eden Estate Res, Works, Negro Houses 209
Bernard, C. E. [Charles Edward] Childermas Estate Res, Works, Negro Houses 155
Bernard, William J. [William James] Content Plantation Res 39
Bernard, T. J. [Thomas James] Bellevue Plantation Res 19
Birch, Joseph Leagan [Leogan] Estate Res, Works, Negro Houses 172
Bowen, Joseph Saltspring Penn Res 75
Boyd, David Bonavista Penn Res 122
Bernard, F. Trafalgar Penn Res 12
Clarke, J. G. [James G.] Lapland Estate Res, Works, Negro Houses 114
Clarke, S. H. [Sir Simon H.] Retirement Estate Res, Works, Negro Houses 354
Clarke, William St. James's Park Plantation Res 48
Clarke, James Hazelgrove Plantation Res 10
Coates, John, [John's] Hall Estate Res, Works, Negro Houses 85
Cragg, George ditto Res, Works 170
Cunningham, Hon. James and George Bellfield Estate Res, Works, Negro Houses 320
ditto Harmony Hall Plantation Res 31
ditto Retrieve Penn Res, Works 102
Delissa [Delisser], Samuel St. Ives Plantation Res 6
Dandie, David Caledonia Plantation Res, Negro Houses 27
Delap, S. [Samuel] F. Orange Estate Res, Works, Negro Houses 116
Dodd, John Concordia Plantation Res, Negro Houses 22
Downer, R. T. [Robert Thomas] Camrose Plantation Res 53
Dodd, E. [Elizabeth] Content Plantation Res 9
Erskine, [Alexander] Lima Estate Trash House 295
Fanclough [should be Fairclough], William Dumfrie's [Dumfries] Estate Trash House 198
Findlater, A. J. Devon Penn Res 85
Fowle, William Wiltshire Estate Res, Works, Negro Houses 189
Fennell, T. Floyd's Lodge Plantation Res 18
Galloway, James Unity Hall Estate Res 149
Gordon, George Moor Park Estate Res, Works, Negro Houses 185
Gordon, R. L. [Rachel L.] St. Andrew's Hill Plantation Res 31
ditto [Robert?] Windsor Lodge Estate Works, Negro Houses 339
Graham, J. [John] Carlton Plantation Res 11
Gray, Charles Virgin Valley Estate Res, Works, Negro Houses 168
Gray, John Industry Estate Res, Works 164
Grazell [Grizzell], W.R. [William Rhodes] Friendship Plantation Res 19
Hall, Thomas Williamsfield Estate Res, Works 284
Hale [Hall?], T. D. [Thomas D.] Worcester and Kempshot Estates Res, Works 277
Hall, T. [Thomas] K. Kirkpatrick Hall Estate Res, Negro Houses 162
ditto Stapleton Plantation Res 37
Heath, William Friendship Estate Res, Works, Negro Houses 36
ditto Spring Mount Estate Res, Works, Negro Houses 285
Hislop L. [Lawrence] Edge Hill Plantation Res 2
Hilton, [John] Comfort Hall Plantation Res 14
Hurlock, S. [Samuel] Potosi Estate Res, Works, Negro Houses 223
Horsefield [Horsfield], J. [John] Carpenter's Hall Plantation Res 5
Innes, James Friendship Grove Plantation Res 3
Jackson, E. [Edmund] P. Jericho Plantation Res 27
Jackson, James and Joseph Brothers' Retreat Plantation Res 14
Jarrett, John Amity Hall Estate Res, Works 100
Jarrett, Stephen Guilsborough Estate Trash House 184
Kerr, William Spring Garden Estate Res, Works, Negro Houses 269
Kerr, Samuel New Battle Plantation Res 30
Litt, W. [William] Newman Hall Estate Res, Works, Negro Houses 145
Lowe, A. [Ann] E. Prospect Plantation Res 24
Milne, R. [Robert] Chesterfield Penn Res 61
McIntosh, M. May Hill [should be Moy Hall] Plantation Res 23
McIntosh, John Bellefont Estate Res, Works, Negro Houses 65
ditto Camperdown Plantation Res 22
McKay, P. [Peter] Clydesdale Plantation Res 14
McKinlay, P. [Peter] Troy Field Plantation Res 60
McLenan, J. Rock Hill Plantation Res 11
McLennan, George Spring Field Penn Res 38
McPherson, W. G. Helmsdale Plantation Res 13
Morris, John H. Kensington Penn Res, Negro Houses 51
Montague, R. [Ralph] Bandon Penn Res, Negro Houses 79
Morris, J. [John] A. Union Plantation Res 26
Mowatt, W. [William] B. Prospect Plantation Res 74
Mudie, Dr. Mount Pleasant Plantation Res 8
Moyston, [Rachel] Cottage Plantation Res 5
Murray, H. - Res 20
Palmer, J. R. [John Rose] Palmyra Estate Trash House 107
Parry and Kerr Leyden Estate Res, Works, Negro Houses 423
Pearson W. [William] Beverley Park Plantation Res 18
Pitgrave [should be Petgrave], S. L. [Susanna L.] Richmond Hill Plantation Res 44
Perry, Hugh Eosneath [Rosneath] Plantation Res 48
Perry, Sarah Orchard Res 14
Plummer, H.[Henry] W. Anchovy Bottom Estate Res, Works, Negro Houses 238
ditto Richmond Hill Estate Res, Works 95
Reid, G. R. & Co. Hazelymph Estate Res, Works 273
Scarlett, R. A. Cambridge Estate Res, Works, Negro Houses 207
Scarlett, R. Duckett's Spring Estate Res, Works, Negro Houses 233
Scott, Walter Reading and Plumb Penns Res, Works 190
Seaford, Lord New Mountpelier Estate Res, Works, Negro Houses 300
ditto Old Mountpelier Estate Res, Works, Negro Houses 420
Sharpe, Charles - Res 4
Sharpe, D. B. Thatchfield Estate Res 25
Stephens, H. [Henry] Hopewell Plantation Res 13
Stirling, A. [Archibald] Hampden Estate Res, Works, Negro Houses 370
Stirling, W. & C. [William and Charles] Content Estate Res, Works, Negro Houses 321
ditto Equity Estate Res, Works, Negro Houses 74
Thorpe [Tharp], B. H. [Benjamin H.] Hampton Estate Res, Works 129
Thorpe [Tharp], William Windsor Castle Estate Res, Works 114
Vaughan, S. (heirs of) Flamstead Estate Res, Works, Negro Houses 407
ditto Vaughan's Feld [Field] Estate Res, Works, Negro Houses 64
Waite, R. B. Blue Hole Estate Res, Works, Negro Houses 254
Williams, Martin Seven Rivers Estate Res, Works, Negro Houses 301
Wilson, George Gibraltar Plantation Res 19
Winn, J. L. (Heirs of), [Isaac] Adelphi Estate Res, Works, Negro Houses 249





Allen, R.[Robert] Tryall 325
Boddington and Co. Success 119
ditto Orchard 208
Brown, W. [William] Cacoon 11
Bucknor, William Friendship Grove 112
Burchell, Thomas Shepherd's Hall 13
Campbell, A. [Alexander] Copse 394
ditto Beverly 146
Campbell A [Archibald] - 54
Campbell, W. New Milnes 328
Christie, John Greenwich 177
Clarke, S. H. [Sir Simon H.] Cacoon Castle 148
Cork [should be Cooke], W. [William] Chester Castle 275
Gardner, Edward Flint River 200
Gilpin, M. [Mary] Cascade 135
Gray, S. [Sarah] Friendship 289
Heaven, W. H. [William H.] Golden Grove 200
ditto Silver Grove 20
Hibbert, R. [Robert] Great Valley 454
Jackson, S. [Samuel] Sod Hall 201
James, J. R. Burnt Ground 187
Linsay Brae -
Malcolm, N. [Neil] Alexandria 272
ditto Argyle 250
ditto Mockalva [should be Knockalva] 212
Miles, P. J. [Philip John] Prosper Penn 41
Morris, W. C. [William Charles] Rome 72
Morris, George Knock Pleasant -
Oates Warren -
Oates, C. H. Coventry -
Purrier, J. W. Haddington 171
ditto Welcome 261
Reid, Thomas Belvidere 271
Seaford, Lord Shettlewood 157
Dr. Skirving [William?] Woodlands -
Spence, James Castle Hyde -
Taylor, G. W. [George W.] Haughton Grove 136
Wallcott, H. E. [Henry E.] Brae Penn 48
Walker, N. C. Ryan and Bamboo 331
Dr. Windross [David?] Easingwood -
Zinke, J. B. Content 312




Bernard Hermitage -
Dobson, John Chilton 65
Evans, Daniel Welchpool 39
Fergusson, P. Cliefden 95
Graham, John Gog Magog 19
Gray, Mary Lamb's River 12
ditto Mountain Spring 36
ditto William's Field 17
Gregnon [Grignon], W. S. Barneyside 84
Gordon, Dr. Darliston 105
Herrier, A. - 42
Horne, W. Marchmont 15
McCail, Angus Prospect 41
McIntosh, H. [Helen] - 66
Mair, A. - 6
Mair, H. [Helen] Nutshell 16
Mair, R. [Robert] - 7
Mair, S. [Sarah] - 4
O'Conner [should be O'Connor], Charles Charlemount [Charlemont] 26
Parrier, S. V. - -
Pennycook, R. Flower Hill 52
Reid, Rev. J. [John] - 89
Scarlett, P. A. [Philip Anglin] Mountain -
Sharp, Charles Underwood 17
Shilleto, ___ Mackfield 18
Smith, Alfred Bridgewater -
Spence, Samuel Hopewell 45
Spence, Dr. Stracy -
Spence, W. H. Woodstock 35
Stephens, A. - -
Storer, Mrs. Haddo -
Thorp, J. [Tharp, John] Dean's Valley 181
Wedderbourn, ___ Clifton 18
Wedderburn Colville -
Williams, William Clantarf 20
Wittingham, J. [Whittingham] Cow Park 83
ditto Kew Cottage 71

Besides many others more or less damaged

The returns from Trelawny and St. Elizabeth's comprised but few properties actually burnt down, as the incendiaries were routed and scattered before they got far into either parish: the principal destruction, however, in the former parish, took place at York, Pantrepant, and Carrickfoyle Estates; and, in the latter, at Ipswich Estate, and Ginger Hill Plantation.

It will be remembered, that the burning of properties commenced in St. James's, and had been carried on to a fearful extent before any arrest could possibly be made to it by the military; also, that this beautiful parish abounds in sugar estates, on all of which there must be one, two, or more (according to its size) immense buildings, called trash-houses, which are supported by stone or brick pillars, and contain the dry stalk, etc. (denominated trash) of the sugar cane, stored as fuel for the following year, after the juice has been expressed by the mill; the extensive roofs of which being composed of the broad-leaf cedar or bullet tree shingle become, from the heat of the sun, in a short space of time equally combustible with the dry trash they cover, consequently, the simple act of setting fire to them, could be as easily executed by a child as by an adult, and frequently performed by such juvenile miscreants, under the inspection of their elders. Thus, the disastrous effect of one spark was to deprive the owner of his fuel, at least for the next year's crop, and an expensive building. The proprietor's residence is, in most cases, principally composed of wood, as is almost invariably that of his overseer, and all the out-offices; and the negro, from his mode of life, is a great adept in the use of fire. As soon as the extent of the loss and injury the rebellion could be ascertained, occasioned by the slaves wilfully setting fire to buildings, grass, and cane-fields; by robbery and plunder of every description; by damage done to the present and succeeding crops; by loss of the labour of slaves, those killed in suppressing insurrection, and such as were executed after trial ; also incendiaries, rebels and murderers, returns were furnished to the House of Assembly, when the session was prolonged to this advanced period of the year, 1832, instead of ceasing at Christmas as usual, and it was found to amount to the following sums, viz.-





In the parish of St. James, the sum of 611,990 0 0
In the parish of Hanover 395,291 15 0
In the parish of Westmoreland _29,847 0 0
In the parish of St. Elizabeth's _20,528 9 7
In the parish of Trelawny __4,960 7 6
- _______________ _____ ____
Total Injury in the county of Cornwall 1,062,617 12 1
In the parish of Manchester, county of Middlesex _46,305 16 8
In the parish of Portland £1,475. 0. 0 .. .. ..
In St. Thomas in the East 1,230. 0. 0. .. .. ..
Total injury in the county of Surry __2,705 0 0
- _____________ ____ ____
Total for three counties £1,111,628 8 9
- =========== ==== ====

To which is to be added the sum of £165,000. currency, being the expence incurred in suppressing the rebellion during the period martial law was in force; and of another expence, amounting to about £7000. which had accrued since martial law ceased, being the pay of a portion of the maroons, as well as detachments of the island militia, employed in the pursuit of such of the rebellious slaves as had not yet surrendered themselves, but remained out, and were sheltered amongst the most inaccessible forests and fastnesses in the interior districts of the island.

It will, doubtless, be concluded, that this enormous amount was to be raised by additional taxes on those who had been already sufferers to a dreadful extent. The house of assembly, however, almost to a man, proprietors themselves, knew the sum must be raised, and they did not hesitate heavily to augment the island taxes: that rate per head, for instance, on slaves, which had heretofore annually been fixed at 5s. 10d. or 6s. 8d. at farthest, was now augmented to 8s. 4d. and that on stock to 2s. 1d., which generally had hitherto been 10d. per head. Thus was one lamentable calamity succeeded by another most grievous burthen, and to be borne by the ruined proprietors.

As the vile incendiaries received some severe checks before they penetrated far into the parish of St. Elizabeth's, the principal losses sustained in that parish, besides the properties named as burnt, were in negroes taken during the rebellion, who were tried and executed; but there is no doubt this fine parish would have suffered to a great extent, if the career of devastation had not been thus timely arrested, as it was well known that every properly was to share the same fate.

In the parish of Manchester, some few properties were destroyed; but the damage here estimated was chiefly comprised in the loss of labour, occasioned by the general suspension of work, and the failure of crop, from its remaining uncut and ungathered, till the canes were dried up by the sun, or trampled down by the now neglected stock, and the coffee-berries had dropped off the trees from over ripeness, and became an easy prey to innumerable hosts of rats which infest the plantations at that particular period of the year. Nothing could exceed the depreciation of property that ensued. Every article, though of course in no abundance, was a mere drug, from the circumstance that few had funds to purchase, by reason of the loss or scantiness of their own crops, and the heavy weight of taxes each individual was expected to meet; and such as could command a supply in England, were disinclined to trench thereon, lest, seeing that nothing in the island was now secure, they might require every farthing already out of danger for future maintenance. In such a state of things, many collected all they could, and repaired either to England or to America, to commence the world again with what little funds they then possessed, leaving their landed interests in the hands of such as, from being otherwise situated, felt either inclined to continue in the country, or were compelled to make a merit of necessity, by remaining to bear the brunt of whatever might be the result of the late disastrous proceedings.

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